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OperantConditioningFoundations

OperantConditioningFoundations - Operant Conditioning...

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Operant Conditioning Fundamental Principles
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What is Operant Conditioning? Definition : Procedure: Some stimulus (e.g., food) is made to follow a response (e.g., lever press) Result: The frequency of the response changes. Also known as instrumental conditioning
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The Beginning of Operant Conditioning Edward Thorndike
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Discrete-Trials Method
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Thorndike’s Major Idea Law of Effect: A rule for instrumental behavior according to which reinforcement of an instrumental response strengthens the association between the response and the stimulus in the presence of which the response occurred.
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What is Learned in Operant Conditioning? Thorndike’s S-R Interpretation: S (Environmental Cues) R (Lever Press) S* (Food) “Stamps In”
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Dr. “Operant Conditioning” Himself B. F. Skinner
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Free Operant Method Skinner Box
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Skinner’s Way of Thinking # of Hours of Deprivation Rate of Responding (Antecedent Condition) (Observable Behavior) “Hunger”
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Developing New Responses Magazine Training Shaping
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Types of Operant Contingencies
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