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Simple_Forms_of_Learning

Simple_Forms_of_Learning - Simple Forms of Learning What is...

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Simple Forms of Learning
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What is Learning? Learning: is a potential change in behavior that results from past experience but is not due to death, sensory adaptation, change in motivation, fatigue, maturation or drug effects.
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What is Learning (cont’d) Learning is a construct : something that us unobservable but whose existence is inferred from things that are observable. Example: Love You infer that learning occurs, it is unobservable.
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What is Learning (cont’d) Part 1: Change in Behavior Result part Effect or Consequence Part 2: Past Experience Procedure Part Cause or Antecedent
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Aristotle’s Four Causes Efficient Cause The necessary and sufficient conditions for producing a behavioral outcome. Material Causes The changes in the CNS that mediate learning. Formal Causes Theories or models of learning Final Causes Explanations of learning that emphasize its function.
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Experimentation Experimentation: A research method in which the investigator manipulates 1 or more factors to observe their effect on some behavior or mental process.
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Common Terms (Cont’d) Independent Variable (IV): the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied. Dependent variable (DV): the experimental factor (behavior or mental process) that is being measured; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the IV.
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Common Terms Experimental Condition: the condition of an experiment that exposes subjects to the treatment (to one level of IV) Control Condition: the condition of an experiment that contrasts with the experimental treatment and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment.
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