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IR323-5-lecture

IR323-5-lecture - Global Environmental Politics Malthus...

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- Q of scarcity - Malthusian Primary figures: 1) Robert Malthus 2) Ann & Paul Ehrlich 3) Garrett Hardin 4) Donella & Dennis Meadows 1 Global Environmental Politics Malthus & Consumption
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- Malthusian (cont’d) Arguments 1) Malthus –pop’n growth is exponential/geometric, but food/resource growth is arithmetic 1) Hardin a) “Tragedy of the Commons”—given common resource, human nature is to increase consumption of commons, b/c commons=shared benefits, but not shared costs b) “Lifeboat Ethics”—to prevent tragedy of commons, better that few survive & remainder starve 2) Ehrlich—pop’n growing globally, but carrying capacity of the Earth is finite, so result is crisis of scarcity 3) Meadows—pop’n growth=increased consumption, so need to change growth/consumption to forestall crisis 2
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- Cornucopian Primary Figures: 1) Julian Simon 2) Ester Boserup Arguments: 1) Simon—increase pop’n=economies of scale (“economic growth fix”) & more intellectual ingenuity (“technological fix”) 2) Boserup—resource prod’n intensifies (productivity & efficiency improve) as pop’n grows=agriculture & resources grow as pop’n grows 3
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