IR323-5-lecture

IR323-5-lecture - Global Environmental Politics Malthus Consumption Q of scarcity Malthusian Primary figures 1 Robert Malthus 2 Ann Paul Ehrlich 3

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- Q of scarcity - Malthusian Primary figures: 1) Robert Malthus 3) Garrett Hardin 1 Global Environmental Politics Malthus & Consumption
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- Malthusian (cont’d) Arguments 1) Malthus –pop’n growth is exponential/geometric, but food/resource growth is arithmetic 1) Hardin a) “Tragedy of the Commons”—given common resource, human nature is to increase consumption of commons, b/c commons=shared benefits, but not shared costs b) “Lifeboat Ethics”—to prevent tragedy of commons, 2) Ehrlich—pop’n growing globally, but carrying capacity of the Earth is finite, so result is crisis of scarcity 3) Meadows—pop’n growth=increased consumption, so need to change growth/consumption to forestall crisis 2
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- Cornucopian Primary Figures: 1) Julian Simon 2) Ester Boserup Arguments: 1) Simon—increase pop’n=economies of scale (“economic growth fix”) & more intellectual ingenuity
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2010 for the course IR 323 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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IR323-5-lecture - Global Environmental Politics Malthus Consumption Q of scarcity Malthusian Primary figures 1 Robert Malthus 2 Ann Paul Ehrlich 3

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