IR323-6-lecture

IR323-6-lecture - Global Environmental Politics Kuznets...

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- Q of development Sometimes development produces surge, then stabilization of pop’n Sometimes development produces economic/social/cultural changes, and so changes in consumption But does development=environmental degradation? 1 Global Environmental Politics Kuznets & Sustainability
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- Kuznets Generally 1) Development: people/gov’t/society more interested in wealth creation, but still too poor to pay for env’t protection, so result is env’t degradation 2) Income rise: people value env’t more & are able to afford env’t protection, so result is env’t protection Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) 2
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- Issues Not clear if curve universal, possible alternatives: 1) Race to the bottom—development w globalization forces countries to compete for business=pressure to sacrifice env’t for business 2) New toxics—development may mean some areas env’t improve, but may also mean other unforeseen/untracked areas getting worse Data not clear (incomplete) 3
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IR323-6-lecture - Global Environmental Politics Kuznets...

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