IR323-10-11-lecture

IR323-10-11-lecture - Global Environmental Politics Actors...

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- Environmental issues globalized Increase in complexity of problems b/c 1) Linking of issues 2) Linking of actors 3) #actors (especially non-states) 4) #env’t instruments 1 Global Environmental Politics Actors & Institutions
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- Environmental issues globalized (cont’d) Drivers 1) Scientific advances increase understanding of env’t issues as a) Transboundary (natural resources & impacts), so requires transnational cooperation to resolve b) Public/collective goods, so scale of harm = scale of solution, so requires collective action (global problem requires global solution) c) Single system, where global commons is responsibility of all humanity irrespective of borders 2) Economic liberalization a) Economic competition globally, w pressures to i. “free-ride”—gain benefit but avoid costs ii. “race-to-bottom”—reduce regulations to attract business iii. Inequality (which causes unequal capacity to aid env’t) b) Free trade, w the goal of inciting economic growth, and
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IR323-10-11-lecture - Global Environmental Politics Actors...

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