Trang Ho - PHIL 285 - First Summary

Trang Ho - PHIL 285 - First Summary - without it being...

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Trang Ho PHIL 285 First summary Descartes’ “Meditations on First Philosophy” A. Meditation 1 a. Argument 1: 1. I believe in many false things. 2. If I want to seek the truth, I have to reject anything that is not completely certain. 3. Therefore, I am going to reject anything that I’m not completely certain about. b. Argument 2: 1. Sometimes when I’m asleep, I dream that I am awake – my senses deceive me. 2. I should not trust completely those who deceived me even once. 3. Therefore, I should not trust my senses – I may be living in an imaginary things and nothing around me is real. c. Argument 3: 1. A powerful higher being, whether a God or a demon, may have deceived me to believe in the most basic things, like geometry and arithmetic. 2. Therefore, I cannot trust my judgments either. B. Meditation 2 a. Argument 1: 1. I am deceived. 2. If I am deceived, I must think. 3. If I think, I must exist.
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4. Therefore, I exist. b. Argument 2: 1. I am uncertain about having an external body – I can still exist
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Unformatted text preview: without it being real. 2. If and only if I think, I exist. 3. Therefore, I am not defined by my attributes but I am defined by my thought: I am a thinking thing. C. Meditation 4 a. Argument 1: 1. I am a being in between Gods supreme entity and nothingness. 2. God has given me only a finite ability to judge. 3. Therefore, my ability to err is a lack, not something that God has given me. b. Argument 2: 1. I am only a part of a large number of things that God has created. 2. My ability is finite on its own. 3. Therefore, the accumulated ability of all works that God created can be infinite. Questions and comments: 1. Descartes arguments in Meditation are not persuasive to me. While they are valid, there is no way to prove that they are sound. For example: how do you prove that God is real, God is supreme or perfect?...
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Trang Ho - PHIL 285 - First Summary - without it being...

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