Trang HoPHIL285 Fourth SummaryAn Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding(David Hume)1.Section 4 – Part 1Hume argued that we can categorize human reasoning into two kinds: relations of ideas and matters of fact. Relations of ideas can be discovered by thinking, while matters of fact can only be reasoned based on the relation of cause and effect. Hume then argued that knowledge about causes “always comes from our experience of finding that particular objects are constantly associated with one another.” Even things or events which seem normal to us, we would not know them to be that way if we have experienced differently. Because every effect is a distinct event from its cause, we cannot reach any conclusions about causes and effects without experience. He also said that science cannot give an ultimate cause of any natural process. He gave an example of the law of motion: how the law works can be explained by geometry (relations of ideas), but the law itself comes from experience, not reasoning.
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