Trang Ho PHIL285 6th Summary

Trang Ho PHIL285 6th Summary - Trang Ho PHIL 285 Sixth...

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Trang Ho PHIL 285 Sixth Summary Conjectural Knowledge Karl Popper 1. The Commonsense Problem of Induction “There is nothing in our intellect which has not entered it through the senses.” But how do we form expectations and beliefs? Through repeated observations in the past. Therefore, we have a circular argument: our belief in regularities is justified by the repeated observations which caused that belief in the first place. 2. Hume’s Two Problems of Induction Logical: Are we justified in reasoning from repeated instances of which we have experience to other instances of which we have no experience? No. Psychological: Why then do we still make that kind of reasoning? Custom of habit and association of ideas, which we need to survive. 3. Important Consequences of Hume’s Results Popper called Hume’s view “irrationalist epistemology”: knowledge is actually of nature of rationally indefensible belief. 4. My Way of Approaching the Problem of Induction Before getting into the problems, Popper listed the guidelines which he uses to approach the issue: (1) Translate all subjective or psychological terms into objective terms (2) Principle of transference: what is true in logic is true in psychology (3) Transference will eliminate Hume’s irrationalism (4) My approach with Hume’s solution to the logical problem will further explore the
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2010 for the course PHIL 285 taught by Professor Kennyeswaran during the Spring '10 term at USC.

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Trang Ho PHIL285 6th Summary - Trang Ho PHIL 285 Sixth...

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