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Trang Ho PHIL285 Fifth Summary

Trang Ho PHIL285 Fifth Summary - Trang Ho PHIL 285 Fifth...

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Trang Ho PHIL 285 Fifth Summary The New Riddle of Induction Nelson Goodman 1. The Old Problem of Induction Hume said that we are not justified in making judgments about the future cases on the basis of experience because “such judgments are neither reports of experience nor logical consequences of it”. The main question is “Why one prediction rather than another? Hume answered that the particular prediction agrees with a past regularity because this regularity established a habit in us. 2. Dissolution of the Old Problem Inductive inference is justified when it conforms to the general rules of induction. The rules themselves are justified by their conformity to valid inferences. Goodman said that his circular argument is a virtuous one because we can amend a rule if it yields an unacceptable inference and an inference is rejected if it violates an acceptable rule. Goodman defended his argument by saying that the result is that “we no longer demand
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