S08 MT1 - 1. The purpose of alkaline mucus in the stomach...

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1. The purpose of alkaline mucus in the stomach is to: a. initiate the digestion of lipids. b. protect the stomach surface from hydrochloric acid. c. activate pepsin to digest protein. d. aid in the absorption of vitamins and minerals. e. prevent the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease. 2. A weak esophageal sphincter can be a cause of: a. Constipation b. Intestinal cancer c. Heartburn d. Incomplete digestion of carbohydrates e. Insufficient secretion of pepsin 3. Which of the following foods is a good source of carbohydrate? a. Broiled fish b. Non-fat milk c. Egg white d. Vegetable oil e. Beef 4. Which of the following statements is true regarding diabetes? a. Both types of diabetes are associated with severe water retention. b. Type I diabetes is more common than Type II diabetes in the United States. c. Type I diabetes is commonly associated with obesity and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. d. Type II diabetes is an autoimmune disorder brought forth by genetics rather than environmental factors. e. Type II diabetes can be managed with a healthy diet and regular physical activity. 5. When you eat a snack of yogurt and banana, what keeps your blood glucose in an acceptable range? a. Epinephrine causes the glucose to be transported into the intestine. b. Insulin increases glucose uptake into muscle and adipose tissue. c. Glucagon causes glycogen to become available in order to metabolize fat. d. Insulin causes glucose to be released from the small intestine. e. Adipsin causes the fat cells to take up fatty acids. 6. Which of the following carbohydrates has the highest level of sweetness? a. Glucose b. Fructose c. Lactose d. Galactose e. All of the above carbohydrates are equally sweet 7. If fiber is not digestible in the intestine, why is it important to consume high-fiber foods? a. Fiber IS digestible and it yields 4 kcal/gram. b. Fiber itself is a good source of vitamins and minerals. c. Fiber is an important contributor to muscle glycogen. d. Fiber may play a role in preventing some chronic and digestive diseases. e. Fiber helps to metabolize fat. 1
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8. When fat enters the small intestine, the hormone ________ signals the ________ to release bile. a. Glucagon, Liver b. Cholecystokinin (CCK), Gallbladder c. Glucagon, Gallbladder d. Insulin, Liver e. Cholceystokinin (CCK), Pancreas 9. Corn oil and canola oil are composed of pure: a. Monounsaturated fatty acids b. Polyunsaturated fatty acids c. Saturated fat
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S08 MT1 - 1. The purpose of alkaline mucus in the stomach...

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