Soaps Detergents Report

Soaps Detergents Report - Project 17: Soaps and Detergents...

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Project 17: Soaps and Detergents Chemistry 102 Laboratory, Section 39 Instructor: Craig Stanton February 24, 2009 ABSTRACT This paper describes the steps taken to synthesize soaps out of four common household fats: lard, Crisco, olive oil, and vegetable oil. Two detergents were also synthesized using two different recipes. The soaps and detergents were to be suitable for cleaning up an oil spill, meaning that they would need to be environmentally safe. Following the procedure for making soap, four different soaps were made, each using a different fat. Then two different detergents were made using two different methods. Every soap and detergent had to be vacuum filtrated to extract the solid. The leftover wastewater from each soap and detergent was then run through a computer program called Data Studio in order to determine how much time it took for the pH of each soap or detergent to become neutral. Each soap and detergent was then tested for latherability, cleaning ability, and solubility. The wastewater from each soap and detergent was analyzed to determine its environmental impact. Taking all of these characteristics into consideration, the best soap or detergent was determined to be the soap made with vegetable oil. Further tests were done on pond water, well water, and tap water to determine their properties. The pond water was very acidic while the tap water was neutral. The well water was slightly acidic and also contained calcium. My signature indicates that this document represents my own work. Outside of shared data, the information, thoughts and ideas are my own except as indicated in the references. I have submitted an electronic copy through Blackboard to be scanned by TurnItIn.com. In addition, I have not given aid to another student on this assignment.
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INTRODUCTION The main goal of this project was to make and test soaps and detergents in order to decide which one would be best for cleaning up an oil spill and the birds that this oil spill has affected. 1 This was done by testing the environmental impact of all the different types of soaps, detergents, and their wastes. This was necessary in order to ensure that the soap or detergent that this environmental group chose to use was the one best suited for the environment, or made as little environmental impact as possible. Tests for latherability, cleaning ability, and solubility were carried out to determine the properties of each soap or detergent. Titrations were run on the wastewaters of all possible candidates to determine how long it took the different soaps and detergents to reach a neutral pH. Taking all of these properties into consideration, the best soap or detergent was chosen for the environmental group to use. The process used to make soap is called hydrolysis.
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Soaps Detergents Report - Project 17: Soaps and Detergents...

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