Study Guide for Test #2 Part 1

Study Guide for Test #2 Part 1 - COMD 2050 Study Guide For...

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COMD 2050 – Study Guide For Test #2 Chapter 7: Morphology Morphology o Literally means “the study of forms” o The analysis of the structure of words o The study of the forms or structure of words and their parts Morpheme o A minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function o The smallest unit of meaning o A minimal unit that can have a dictionary meaning and a grammatical meaning o A minimal unit that has constant meaning (most of the time) and definite structure (most of the time) o Every word has at least one morpheme o Two types of morphemes: Free morphemes : morphemes that can stand by themselves as single words . Two types: Lexical morphemes o Set of ordinary nouns, adjectives, and verbs that we think of as the words that carry the “content” of the messages we convey o Content words o Considered “open ” class of words because they for with variants. We can add new lexical morphemes to our language. o Examples: girl, man, house, tiger, sad, long, yellow, sincere, open, look, follow, break Functional morphemes o Set of words used as function words such as a conjunction, a preposition, an article, or a pronoun o Considered “closed ” class of words because they for with invariants. We can never add new function morphemes to our language. o Examples: and, but, because, near, above, in, that
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Bound morphemes : those words forms that cannot normally stand alone and are typically attached to another form. (Basic word that the bound morpheme attaches to is called the stem). Two types: Derivational morphemes : o Use these to make words or to make words of a different grammatical category from the stem. o Used to make new words or words of a different grammatical category o Prefixes and suffixes o Examples: -ish, -ment, -er, -ness o Use these to make words or to make words of a different grammatical category from the stem. o
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Study Guide for Test #2 Part 1 - COMD 2050 Study Guide For...

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