2008_Cereals__Grains__Legumes__1_

2008_Cereals__Grains__Legumes__1_ - Ceres Roman goddess of...

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Ceres Roman goddess of agriculture Ceres was beloved for her service to mankind in giving them the gift of the harvest, the reward for cultivation of the soil. Also known as the Greek goddess Demeter, Ceres was the goddess of the harvest and was credited with teaching humans how to grow, preserve, and prepare grain and corn…
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Cereal Grains & Legumes
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Cereals Plants of the grass family Ceres Roman goddess of agriculture Grains Fruit (“seeds”) of the cereals Cereal grains of significance world-wide Corn (maize) Millet Rice Sorghum Oats Rye Barley Buckwheat Grain domestication: 7,000 yrs (wheat, Mid East) 3,500 yrs (corn, Central Amer)
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Cereal grains Account for 70% of world protein consumption (Not including feed grains)
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Annual grain production in the U.S. soybeans: 3 billion bushels corn : 10 billion bushels wheat: 2 billion bushels
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Dried to Aw < 0.7 (why 0.7?) (whole grains)
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Grains & Legumes: Nutritional considerations Complementarity of cereal grains, commonly deficient in lysine, Asia: rice + soybeans Central America: corn + common beans (e.g. black beans) Essential amino acid profiles of some common protein-rich foods Protein Quality
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Endosperm virtually all CHO (starch) gluten proteins (gliden, glutenin) Germ virtually all lipid, vitamin E Bran outer covering virtually all fiber
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2008_Cereals__Grains__Legumes__1_ - Ceres Roman goddess of...

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