FinalStudyGuide - Final Exam Study Guide for SIO_10 Chapter...

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Final Exam Study Guide for SIO_10 1 Chapter 1. Cosmology and the Birth of the Earth 1. In the heliocentric model ____________. A. Earth orbits around the Sun B. the Sun orbits around Earth C. Earth is a stationary planet D. Mercury and Venus orbit around the Sun, but all other planets orbit about Earth 2. In our current understanding of the Big Bang, ____________. A. Earth is much older than the rest of the Universe B. the Universe is considerably older than Earth C. Earth and the Universe formed at about the same time D. there is no way of knowing how old the Universe might be 3. From choices below, the best estimate of the age of the Universe is ____________ old. A. 5 million B. 6 billion C. 14 billion D. 100 billion 4. Strong evidence that the Universe is expanding comes from the fact that the light emitted from distant galaxies appears to be ____. 5. By far the most common elements in the Universe and in our solar system are____________. 6. Eratosthenes was the first person to accurately estimate the size of Earth. He accomplished this feat by ____________. 7. In addition to the Earth, other terrestrial planets are _________. A. Mars, Mercury, and Venus B. Mars, Venus, and Jupiter C. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune D. Mars and Saturn 8. The gas giant, or Jovian, planets are ____________. 9. The circumference of Earth is most nearly ____________. 10. A light year is a unit that measures ____________.
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Final Exam Study Guide for SIO_10 2 11. Our Sun belongs to a galaxy known as ____________. A. Andromeda. B. Cepheus C.the Milky Way D. the Stratosphere 12. An important contribution made by Copernicus is his (correct) assertion that____________.
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