FinalStudyGuide

FinalStudyGuide - Final Exam Study Guide for SIO_10 Chapter...

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Final Exam Study Guide for SIO_10 1 Chapter 1. Cosmology and the Birth of the Earth 1. In the heliocentric model ____________. A. Earth orbits around the Sun B. the Sun orbits around Earth C. Earth is a stationary planet D. Mercury and Venus orbit around the Sun, but all other planets orbit about Earth 2. In our current understanding of the Big Bang, ____________. A. Earth is much older than the rest of the Universe B. the Universe is considerably older than Earth C. Earth and the Universe formed at about the same time D. there is no way of knowing how old the Universe might be 3. From choices below, the best estimate of the age of the Universe is ____________ old. A. 5 million B. 6 billion C. 14 billion D. 100 billion 4. Strong evidence that the Universe is expanding comes from the fact that the light emitted from distant galaxies appears to be ____. A. red shifted B. blue shifted C. green shifted D. none of the above 5. By far the most common elements in the Universe and in our solar system are____________. A. nitrogen and oxygen B. iron and manganese C. hydrogen and helium D. hydrogen and oxygen 6. Eratosthenes was the first person to accurately estimate the size of Earth. He accomplished this feat by ____________. A. sailing around the world and estimating his average rate of travel B. comparing the length of an Earth day with the distance between Earth and the Sun C. measuring the severity of the greatest earthquakes D. observing shadows simultaneously cast at two different cities that were separated by a known distance 7. In addition to the Earth, other terrestrial planets are _________. A. Mars, Mercury, and Venus B. Mars, Venus, and Jupiter C. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune D. Mars and Saturn 8. The gas giant, or Jovian, planets are ____________. A. Mars, Mercury, and Venus B. Mars, Venus, and Jupiter C. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune D. Mars and Saturn 9. The circumference of Earth is most nearly ____________. A. 400 km B. 4,000 km C. 40,000 km D. 4,000,000 km 10. A light year is a unit that measures ____________. A. time B. mass C. distance D. luminous intensity
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Final Exam Study Guide for SIO_10 2 11. Our Sun belongs to a galaxy known as ____________. A. Andromeda. B. Cepheus C.the Milky Way D. the Stratosphere 12. An important contribution made by Copernicus is his (correct) assertion that____________. A. the Earth was spherical (round) B. the Sun was the center of the whole Universe C. the Sun was the center of the Earth’s orbit D. the Earth was the center of the Universe 13. Chemically, the Moon is quite similar to ____________. A. sea water B. Earth’s crust C. Earth’s mantle D. Earth’s core 14. Johannes Kepler’s contributions to our modern understanding include the finding that____________ A. the planets orbit about the Sun in an elliptical, rather than circular path B. the Earth has a circumference of about 40,000 km (in modern units) C. the Sun was the center of the Earth’s orbit D. the Earth was the center of the Universe
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2010 for the course BILD BILD 10 taught by Professor Jenniebever during the Spring '09 term at UCSD.

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FinalStudyGuide - Final Exam Study Guide for SIO_10 Chapter...

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