Jacksonetal2001 - DOI: 10.1126/science.1059199 , 629...

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Unformatted text preview: DOI: 10.1126/science.1059199 , 629 (2001); 293 Science et al. Jeremy B. C. Jackson, Coastal Ecosystems Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of www.sciencemag.org (this information is current as of January 2, 2008 ): The following resources related to this article are available online at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/293/5530/629 version of this article at: including high-resolution figures, can be found in the online Updated information and services, http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/293/5530/629/DC1 can be found at: Supporting Online Material found at: can be related to this article A list of selected additional articles on the Science Web sites http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/293/5530/629#related-content http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/293/5530/629#otherarticles , 16 of which can be accessed for free: cites 62 articles This article 699 article(s) on the ISI Web of Science. cited by This article has been http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/293/5530/629#otherarticles 61 articles hosted by HighWire Press; see: cited by This article has been http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/collection/ecology Ecology : subject collections This article appears in the following http://www.sciencemag.org/about/permissions.dtl in whole or in part can be found at: this article permission to reproduce of this article or about obtaining reprints Information about obtaining registered trademark of AAAS. is a Science 2001 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science; all rights reserved. The title Copyright American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1200 New York Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20005. (print ISSN 0036-8075; online ISSN 1095-9203) is published weekly, except the last week in December, by the Science on January 2, 2008 www.sciencemag.org Downloaded from Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems Jeremy B. C. Jackson, 1,2 * Michael X. Kirby, 3 Wolfgang H. Berger, 1 Karen A. Bjorndal, 4 Louis W. Botsford, 5 Bruce J. Bourque, 6 Roger H. Bradbury, 7 Richard Cooke, 2 Jon Erlandson, 8 James A. Estes, 9 Terence P. Hughes, 10 Susan Kidwell, 11 Carina B. Lange, 1 Hunter S. Lenihan, 12 John M. Pandolfi, 13 Charles H. Peterson, 12 Robert S. Steneck, 14 Mia J. Tegner, 1 Robert R. Warner 15 Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degrada- tion of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change. Historical abun- dances of large consumer species were fantastically large in comparison with recent observations. Paleoecological, archaeological, and historical data show that time lags of decades to centuries occurred between the onset of overfishing and consequent changes in ecological communities, because unfished species of similar trophic level assumed the ecological roles of overfished species until they too were overfished or died of epidemic diseases related to overcrowding. Retrospective data not onlyepidemic diseases related to overcrowding....
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2010 for the course GE CLST 70B taught by Professor Morris,m.r./friscia,a.r./moldwin,m.b./vanvalkenburgh,b during the Winter '10 term at UCLA.

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Jacksonetal2001 - DOI: 10.1126/science.1059199 , 629...

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