White Face Black Hills - Sacred Sites International...

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about us preservation membership events & travel learn more The Sacred Black Hills By Charmaine White Face The Black Hills have been called an island in the plains as they rise from the surrounding Midwestern plains to more than 7,000 feet. They cover a vast expanse of land from South Dakota, northeast Wyoming and southeast Montana, forming a sacred landscape for members of the Great Sioux Nation. Despite this, they are the center of a long-standing legal fight for ownership. Historical Background For the past 150 years, the rest of the world has heard of the Great Sioux Nation as one of the indigenous nations who fought the encroachment of American settlers into their territory with the westward expansion of the United States. What most people don't know is the extent of that territory and how the retreat from the invasion of Americans, always left in the middle, the sacred Black Hills. The Great Sioux Nation, at one time, properly called Oceti Sakowin , covered 14 American states and three Canadian provinces. Many smaller nations, with different cultures and languages, also resided in this same geographic territory but the Great Sioux Nation was the dominant people. The Tetuwan (Lakota speakers) were the last to continue opposition to the incursion of the American settlers, as the other six tribes that constituted the Great Sioux Nation were almost totally obliterated. A few Dakota and Nakota speakers currently live along the Missouri River in South Dakota and Canada. The last two treaties made between the Great Sioux Nation and the United States, the
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2010 for the course PS 225 taught by Professor Pahre,r during the Fall '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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White Face Black Hills - Sacred Sites International...

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