Chapter 3 IM Answers

# Chapter 3 IM Answers - An Introduction to Programming with...

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An Introduction to Programming with C++: Fifth Edition 978-1-4188-3618-4 Chapter 3 Answers CONCEPT LESSON QUESTIONS 1. B Code the algorithm into a program. 2. D Syntax 3. C double payRate = 0.0; 4. C ; (semicolon) 5. C streams 6. B cout 7. A cin 8. C cout << “Hello”; 9. A >> 10. B cin >> currentPay; 11. C endl 12. A evaluate and modify (if necessary) the program 13. C debugging 14. D a syntax error 15. C logic 16. D none of the above 17. D using std::cout; 18. A function header 19. B #include <iostream> 20. A braces

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EXERCISES – PENCIL AND PAPER 1. IPO chart information C++ instructions Input first number second number Processing Output sum Algorithm 1. enter the first number and the second number 2. calculate the sum by adding the first number to the second number 3. display the sum double num1 = 0.0; double num2 = 0.0; double sum = 0.0; cout << “Enter first number: ”; cin >> num1; cout << “Enter second number: ”; cin >> num2; sum = num1 + num2; cout << “The sum is ” << sum << endl; 2. num1 num2 sum 0.0 3.0 0.0 50.5 0.0 5.0 0.0 31.3 0.0 8.0 0.0 81.8
3. IPO chart information C++ instructions Input number of miles driven number of gallons used Processing Output miles per gallon Algorithm 1. enter the number of miles driven and the number of gallons used 2. calculate the miles per gallon by dividing the number of miles driven by the number of gallons used 3. display the miles per gallon double milesDriven = 0.0; double gallonsUsed = 0.0; double milesPerGal = 0.0; cout << “Enter miles driven: ”; cin >> milesDriven; cout << “Enter gallons used: ”; cin >> gallonsUsed; milesPerGal = milesDriven / gallonsUsed; cout << “Miles per gallon: ” << milesPerGal << endl; 4. milesDriven gallonsUsed milesPerGal 0.0 324.0 0.0 200.0 0.0 17.0 0.0 12.0 0.0 19.06 0.0 16.67

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5. IPO chart information C++ instructions Input yearly taxable wages state income tax rate Processing Output annual state income tax Algorithm 1. enter the yearly taxable wages and the state income tax rate 2. calculate the annual state income tax by multiplying the yearly taxable wages by the state
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