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PEIS 150- Lec 8 - PEIS150Lec8 10:48:00...

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PEIS 150- Lec 8 06/10/2009 10:48:00 “Authoritarian States in WWII” big point in the 1930s: Economic depression. DEMOCRACIES: few states stayed as democracies. The two types of  authoritarianism are: CONSERVATIVE and RADICAL authoritarians. o CONSERVATIVE: type of government which you saw in the 19 th  century particularly like the Ottoman empire and China: kingships or  monarchies that were very repressive (Russian Tsar), anti-democratic  and tended to be against liberalism and the free market. Among the  places that develop authoritarian governments: eastern Europe, latin  America, Spain, Portugal. Many of these relied on a secret police force to regulate thought  and often imprisoned political opponents. In many cases these  places, you also saw things like ethnic tensions or conflicts for  example Eastern Europe: Yugoslavia. This is really seeing around many parts of the world for death  mail for democracy because as opposed to the conservatives  you had the radicals. o RADICAL: dictatorships. first develop in Italy and the USSR and  Germany. In these regimes you saw control over the individual and  over means of productions. In US, you could argue that they were very  much minor but somewhat influenced by Radical dictatorship. They did  not have the same degree of control over the individual and complete  anti-democracy. Many people think this  as a regime of the late 20s like  Lenin’s USSR: find dedicated group in the minority who could get  power over people in radical ways. Undermine democracy and the  authoritarian regimes that were in the conservative side.  Turkey was similar to the radical dictatorship too. Total control.  In a radical totalitarian regime it was a one party rule: Nazi,  Democratic, Communist.  MODERN COMMUNICATIONS are what distinguished this  radical dictatorships as they did not have the same  communication means to control: control of press through  military technology. All things that the conservative regimes did  not have.
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Radical totalitarians often used conflict and violence as a key  point to push their regime forward. The individual is overtaken 
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