Reminder sheet-1

Reminder sheet-1 - 1-methane2-ethane3-propane4-butane5-

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Unformatted text preview: 1-methane2-ethane3-propane4-butane5- pentane6-hexane7-heptane8-octane9-nonane10- decane11-undecane12- dodecane13-tridecane14-tetradecane15-pentadecane16-hexadecane17-heptadecane18-octadecane19-nonadecane20-isocaneAmines: Ketons: Carboxylic acid: Anhydrides: Esters: Amides: Haloalkane: R-XAlchohols: R-OHEthers: R-O-RThiols: R-SHAlkanes: no functional groupAlkenes: Alkynes: Aldehyde Nitriles: Aromatic compounds: gen is partially negative, carbon is an electrophille. Will react with a nucleophile. ds of halo alkanes:ssociation energy is largerr bondsease boiling pointsrizability increases down periodic tableBad NucleophilesH2OH2SO4HSO4-CHlF-Good NucleophilesOH-CH3O-I-:CN-CH3S-NH3P(CH3)3Cl- (only in protic)CH3OH-NO-Good Leaving GroupsCl-Br-I- (best)HSO4-H20CH3SO3-Sulfurs bonded to oxygenGibbs free energy: G = Gproduct GreactantG = H - TSG = -RTlnKK = Ae Ea/RTA negativeG means a large K- equilibrium lies to product sideA positiveG means a low K equilibrium lies to reactant sideIf a reaction is exothermic, H is negativeH= bonds broken-bonds formedIf activation energy is low, the reaction is fastAcids and Bases: Acidis proton donor or electron acceptor- electrophile...
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Reminder sheet-1 - 1-methane2-ethane3-propane4-butane5-

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