CPS Notes Lecture 23

CPS Notes Lecture 23 - CPS Notes Lecture 23 I How do states...

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CPS Notes Lecture 23 I. How do states break down, where does violence come from, and how do we understand and conceptualize it? a) Key issue is not the state at all, the state is absent from their lives b) It’s the fact that the state has disappeared and survival becomes a self-help game c) An escalating form of tit-for-tat violence or spiral downward to large-scale conflict driven by fear, uncertaintly, and the absence of a central state d) This is the micro level II. Now to the macro level—research on Civil Wars, how violence takes place, and what happens to states when that occurs III. Understanding Civil Wars a) What is Civil War? i) In class (1) Warring groups are from the same country and fighting in that country (2) Nature of the dispute: control of the central government or a secessionist state (3) If you end up with a separate country, then you may call it a war of national liberation, but if it results in a group taking control of the government of a country, it is retrospectively a civil war (4) An overarching sense of identity amongst the participants ii) Type of belligerants (1) Classes, racial groups, religious groups—not just the armed forces of two countries iii) Number of belligerents: how many groups fighting one antoher iv) Tmers of dispute: is it control of the central government of a state or is it an
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CPS Notes Lecture 23 - CPS Notes Lecture 23 I How do states...

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