CPS Notes Lecture 21

CPS Notes Lecture 21 - CPS Notes Lecture 2 I State...

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CPS Notes Lecture 21—November 27, 2006 I. State Development: Theory and Society II. Human Development Index (State department) a) Standard of living: poverty, etc. b) Knowledge and Literacy c) Quality of life: human rights, social rights, political righs III. What is the “Third world” a) State with a low UN Human Development Index (HDI) i) Low life expectancy ii) Low literacy rates iii) Low standard of living IV. 3 Basic Theories of Development a) Modernization Theory i) The “Western Standard” (1) The West has an ideal set of institutions, laws, standard of living (2) Asserts there will be a move from traditional to modern (3) Foreign influence is essential in creating a standard, the West teaches the Third World how to generate resources, create institutions (4) Modern Values (from West) are essential to modernization b) Dependency Theory i) A critique of the Modernization Theory ii) Asserts 2 sets of states (1) Rich and poor states (a) Core-periphery: Rich states are the core, and the poor are the periphery (provide cheap services, exports) iii) Rich states create a dependency, create a market for the Third-World goods and they will withdraw aids or enact sanctions if the Third-World doesn’t comply iv) Opportunities for resistance? (1) Import substitution: replace imports with domestic goods c) World-Systems Theory i) Immanuel Wallerstein, The Modern World-System (1974) ii) The world is a lot more complicated, there’s a web of countries that have economic relationships iii) There is a core of countries and a periphery but in the middle is a semi- periphery that shift back and forth from being core states to periphery states iv) Neo-Marxism and class importance (1) Interested at looking at class relations across countries and how this affects the global market and relationships v) “World Context” critique of dependency (1) Have to look at world context to see where dependency is coming from, cannot just look at two states vi) Underdevelopment
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(1) Not only do first-world states create dependency, they also cause underdevelopment because they have no independent markets of political structure V. Strong Societies, Weak States—Joel Migdal
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2010 for the course GOVT 121 taught by Professor Langenbacher during the Fall '08 term at Georgetown.

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CPS Notes Lecture 21 - CPS Notes Lecture 2 I State...

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