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CPS Notes Lecture 20

CPS Notes Lecture 20 - CPS Notes Lecture 2The State I Basic...

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CPS Notes Lecture 20—November 20, 2006—The State I. Basic problem of politics a) Individuals are diverse, different, have to find a way to conciliate those differences and live in communities, one type of which is the national state II. The country or state is an abstraction a) You serve it, this can be in conflict with serving smaller units, like your town or family III. Standards of legitimacy a) Traditional: source of the legitimacy is lost in time, original rationale is lost— can’t be tested, not falsifiable b) Charismatic i) Idea of spirit or revelation: that the person in question through their attributes show the people that they have access to revealed truth that we don’t, whether scripture or a higher being (1) like traditional, cannot be tested because to do so you must have access to the revealed truth like the leader is ii) Traditional and charismatic are pre-modern, more akin to smaller forms of identity below the level of the nation state iii) Weber argues that over time, polities have moved to a different standard of legitimacy, which he calls rational legal c) Rational/legal i) Historical, performance—there are documents to assess the validity to rule, based on the idea of falsifiability—what makes it social science, not theology d) Historical i) Based on the existence of documentation: a charter, constitution e) Performance IV. Definition of the state (attributed to Weber): legitimate monopoly on the use of force within a given territory V. Why did the nation state arise in it’s particular form instead of other types of political entity? a) Roman Empire i) Falls in 476 C.E. but why? b) Why does Weber describe the state as the monopoly of force and how is this different from an empire? c) Treaty of Westphalia i) Ushered in the modern era of statehood ii) Ended the 30 year war, and gave state’s sovereignty d) Period of the nation-state 1806- represents a very small time period in human history VI. Types of states (according to Barrington Moore, Jr. a) Fascist/authoritarian b) Communist c) Liberal democracy
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d) He argues that the key to understanding the modern state lies in understanding the pre-modern world b/w the fall of the Roman Empire and Treaty of Westphalia— Middle Ages i) He argues that the relationship between peasants lords that creates the nation state (1) You have those work: peasants (a) Subsistence farming (2) Those who fight: knights and ruling class (a) Took from the peasants because they had monopoly of force and power: concentrated this (3) Those who pray: clergy ii) Medieval era was a seasonal era: those who worked the land one part of the year fought another part of the year; this in addition to professional soldiers e) Moore says the key to arriving at liberal democracy was the rise of the bourgeois i)
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CPS Notes Lecture 20 - CPS Notes Lecture 2The State I Basic...

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