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CPS Notes Lecture 19

CPS Notes Lecture 19 - CPS Notes Lecture 1 I Much like...

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CPS Notes Lecture 19—November 15, 2006 I. Much like Soviet early on, want to become model socialist state a) Industrialization, collectivization II. Then the thaw period after the end of Stalinism in the late 1950s a) Relative opening, destalinization III. In China, after 100 Flowers Campaign there’s a clampdown a) Mao begins the process of changing the Chinese citizen, not just the country b) This leads into the Cultural Revolution IV. After Deng Xiaoping takes over, opening of economic realm but tightening of political realm V. Nowadays, China is more open politically but still in the authoritarian category and liberal values are taking root only very slowly a) Chinese communist party is interested in managing politics more than anything VI. Institutions in Chinese Politics a) Socialist systems have an institutional parallelism b/w state and party i) For the sole political party in the state, a set of institutions from top to bottom ii) Parallel institutions on the state side going from the head of government to city/district level political organization iii) There is nothing like this in democracies, as party institutions are mainly for organizing elections, not for the purpose of governance iv) In Chinese case, party institutions are functions of government with parallel responsibilities v) This is because in traditional communism, party was an instrument of state power b) State Institutions i) China claims to take account of the people’s will ii) But one doesn’t’ have direct and multiparty elections for state institutions iii) National People’s Congress (NPC) (1) Highest institution (2) Elected indirectly, electing representatives from lower level organization within the state (a) Local village councils or military units may send official up to its level, then representatives at that level elect somebody to next, etc. (3) At village level, China introduced elections but not multiparty (4) Competitive elections vs. competitive multiparty elections (a) Don’t have to have parties (5) Meets rather infrequently, takes broad decision on the future of the state (6) A managed, gigantic parliament, doesn’t meet regularly enough to make decision on day to day affairs iv) State Council (1) A council of ministers, contains all the major ministries of the state v)
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