CPS Notes Lecture 18

CPS Notes Lecture 18 - CPS Lecture 18 November 13, 2006 I....

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CPS Lecture 18 – November 13, 2006 I. Russia and China a) Not monolithic—multidiveristy, multiethnic b) This is where the similarities end II. China a) Has become what Gorbachev wanted USSR to become III. Gorbachev a) Came to power in 1985, he was younger and a reformer b) Worked in the agricultural center as a party leader c) From outside Moscow, had a reputation early on for being a reformist d) Welcomed as a breath of fresh air outside of the USSR, came after the era of stagnation in the USSR e) Six years later the USSR disappears i) Not a great records as a political leader f) By 86, 87 he tries to restructure the economy, introduce market reforms i) Glastnost: openness, talking about issues that were forbidden before ii) Also starts an incredible backlash (1) From the ethnic republics who want to use restructuring as a way to exit the country (2) From more conservative elements, feeling that he’s going too fast, too quickly (a) High point is in August 1991 when they attempt a coup IV. Chinese case is an illustrative contrast a) Fundamental reforms have been taken place since 1976 with the death of Mao without breakup of country or social violence b) No effort by autonomous province to declare independent and leave state c) No evidence of warfare within this country d) And for the time being no significant wekaning of the power of the Chinese Communist Party, if anything an increase as I sought to reform itself over time i) Transform itself from hardcore Maoist party to a corporate party—the only significant party left ii) It’s Wal-Mart with a party—dedicated to economic reform and growth while still being committed to managing the process iii) If they learned a lesson from the USSR they learned: reform without control leads to disaster e) In the Soviet case the impetus for reform was external—came from Gorbachev and the people around him i) Many of them had had experience in the Soviet outer empire—had been stationed in Eastern Europe ii) They experimented with reform in these places f) There’s no equivalent in the Chinese case—no ring of states to experiment with i) Impetus has been by and large an internal one g) Also, while China has autonomous provinces, its not a federation like the USSR was
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i) From the beginning of Soviet history, the Soviet leadership created a great compromise to govern the state (1) The state would be set up as a federation of 15 union republics and within those autonomous republics they’d have their own Parliament and Council, even their own foreign ministries (2) They had all the trappings of an independent state ii) By late 1980s local elites in each of those regions begin to breathe life into those institutions which until then had just been nominal (1) They didn’t have to create institutions—they were already there, the parties, leadership—all it took was the right political context and political
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2010 for the course GOVT 121 taught by Professor Langenbacher during the Fall '08 term at Georgetown.

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CPS Notes Lecture 18 - CPS Lecture 18 November 13, 2006 I....

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