CPS Notes Lecture 15

CPS Notes Lecture 15 - CPS Notes Lecture 15 November 1 2006...

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CPS Notes Lecture 15 – November 1, 2006 I. Current members a) Currently has 25 members, 20 official languages b) Official policy of multi-lingualism c) First members i) Benelux, Italy, Germany, France II. Constant tension b/w keeping autonomy of members and creating a European suprastate a) Tension b/w intergovernmentalism and supranationalism b) Tries to get as much consensus as possible, because doesn’t want to force decisions on member states because they are sovereign states c) As more and more members join, this consensus becomes harder and harder to attain III. Brief History a) Began in the shadows of WWII, led by France b) European project meant to ensure peace and security, meaning to bind a potentially aggressive Germany c) So it was partly security based, but also hoped to get an economic advantage by bandying together d) Cooperation began on economic realm with coal and steel i) Came to represent much more ii) Spillover—agree on some limited issues, spills over to other institututional issues e) Treaty of Paris 1951 i) European Coal and Steel Community created f) Treaty of Rome 1957 i) European Economic Community and European Atomic Energy Community ii) EEC created a customs union for all the members states for which there would be free trade and a common external tariff iii) EAEC never materialized g) In the 1960s and 70s, different leaders esp. in France and England influenced this development h) In 1979 European MOntery System created i) Wanted to start coordinating exchange rates—help cross-national trade and investment i) Schengen Agreement i) Initially signed by France, Germany, and Benelux but all eventually took part in this ii) Only UK and Ireland hold out iii) In this, there are no border controls, and a common external frontier iv) Also an attempt to start coordinating on other policies—immigration, asylum, movement of EU nationals across member states v) But each country still controls immigration and citizenship policies, and this conflict still has to be worked out vi) Also cooperation to combat crime was created
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j) Maastricht Treaty 1992 i) Renamed European Community the EU ii) Created a European citizenship—citizen of member state is a EU citizen, can vote and stand in any elections in any EU states and can move and work in any EU state iii) Created 3 pillars (1) Division of policy areas common foreign security policy and police cooperation on judicial matters (2) So these pillars were added to social and economic matters iv) Finally realized dream of a common currency (1) The Euro and a European Common Bank k) Amsterdam Treaty 1997 i) Did some institutional reform ii) Gave more power to European Parliament, and got away from the unanimity
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2010 for the course GOVT 121 taught by Professor Langenbacher during the Fall '08 term at Georgetown.

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CPS Notes Lecture 15 - CPS Notes Lecture 15 November 1 2006...

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