CPS Notes Lecture 9

CPS Notes Lecture 9 - CPS Notes Lecture 9 I Review a...

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CPS Notes Lecture 9 I. Review: a) Majority system tries to give the winner a mandate, as with a plurality system if you win less than 50% of the vote, do you have a mandate? i) Most countries in the world that have an elected presidency has some sort of majority system, such as Brazil b) Preferential: looking for a candidate who is acceptable to the largest number of people, some may think is really great, and some may think is ok i) Looking for a consensus c) Decision rule help us determine what we think our majority will is d) Proportional: must have a district magnitude of more than one i) In closed list, you get to determine how many seats that party gets ii) In an open party list system, you can show preference for a particular candidate iii) In some countries, the entire country is one electoral district iv) Also idea of vote threshold, where you eliminate some parties from competition if they don’t achieve a certain vote threshold (1) Way to get rid of fringe parties (2) If district is very heterogeneous, this is better than a plurality system II. Mixed (Single-Transfereable Vote) a) Has some elements of PR but also some elements of preferential voting b) District magnitude: 2 or more c) Preferences: equal to number of candidates d) Candidature: individual or party e) Allocation: seats allocated by calculating minimal “quota” needed to be awarded a seat; above-quota votes then transferred to next-ranked candidate i) So if candidate gets enough ballots to achieve seat, his ballots are transferred to the next place person ii) Goal is not to waste ballots, mathematically figure out how many ballots you need in your district just go get a seat, then those ballots are transferred to the
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  • Fall '08
  • Voting system, Plurality voting system, Party-list proportional representation, Proportional representation

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