CPS Notes Lecture 6

CPS Notes Lecture 6 - CPS Notes Lecture 6 September 25,...

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CPS Notes Lecture 6 – September 25, 2006 I. Interest Groups a) Whether a group or individual’s sense of what’s in his interests affect how he behaves politically b) When we use the term “interest group,” we usually have an associational interest group in mind c) Types: i) Anomic: interest group that come together for very short periods, usually arise in response to one particular type of interest that has been peaked by some sort of external stimulus (1) Sudden, episodic, sometimes violent in response to some sort of event (2) A mob, any sort of crowd, is an example (3) Kennedy Center example works (4) Whenever that interest is satisfied or frustrated, the group disappears ii) Non-associational: a group that piggy-backs on some other pre-existing social network (1) An ethnic group or religious group perhaps, but the interest group is not that ethnic group itself but some interest group that piggy-backs on top of that ethnic group (2) Like Korean shopkeepers mobilizing during LA riots – group was meant to protect itself, but they knew used their Korean background to group together (3) Or a candidate going to Baptist church to piggy back on that existing network iii) Institutional interest group: arise because individuals are members of the same formal institution (1) The students at one university all have a common interest in improved food, quality of teaching purely by virtue that you are a member of this formal institution—the university iv) Associational interest groups: This is an interest group that is highly organized, highly professional, has a membership base and staff and has as its goal putting pressure on government institutions to enact a series of laws and politics that are in the interest of the group (1) Chambers of congress is another example of this type of group, trade unions d) The idea is that in vibrant democracies, you want interest groups—it is the stuff of a vibrant civil society i) Think back to last lecture—Toqueville, Putman—this is great for society, for democracies ii) These things are about norms, systems of trust and reciprocity iii) We can also typlogize entire poltical systems based on their relationship to
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CPS Notes Lecture 6 - CPS Notes Lecture 6 September 25,...

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