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IR notes lecture 23

IR notes lecture 23 - Lecture Human Security I The debate...

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Lecture 23—April 17, 2007 Human Security I. The debate over security after the Cold War II. Human security A. Definition B. Key issues on the human security agenda 1. Environment a. Key issues 1. Resource scarcity 2. Global commons issues 3. Environmental degradation 2. Demographics a. Key issues 1. Population growth 2. Urbanization 3. Youth Bulges 4. Deficit of women 5. Migration 3. Health a. Key issues 1. AIDS 2. Tuberculosis 3. Malnourishment C. Critiques of the human security agenda III. Security in the developing world A. Key differences between the developed world and the developing world B. External dimensions of post-Cold War developing world security 1. Traditional conflict 2. Regional hegemons 3. Weapons proliferation C. Internal dimensions of post-Cold War developing world security 1. Ethnonationalism 2. Failing states D. The problem of weak states in the developing world 1. Sources of weakness a. Colonial legacies b. Lack of time c. Challenges of modernization d. Demands for political participation e. Ethnic fissures f. Normative tension (territorial integrity vs. human rights) 2. Methods for strengthening weak states a. Regionalism b. Great power sponsorship c. International institutional support d. State-building solutions I. Does contemporary age call for a reformation of the concept of security a) 4 ways to think about security i) Waltz’s conception of security (national security) (1) Emphasize effect military force on state policies (2) This traditional notion was propagated before and during the Cold War
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(3) After Cold War, state-to-state security studies seemed less salient since existential threat of cold war had been removed (4) So scholars moved their focus to more pressing future security issues ii) Intrastate security (1) Crises in Balkans made scholars to start looking at intrastate conflicts— civil wars and ethnic conflict (2) Move away from relations between state to within states (3) Military is threat, but societies, groups, and individuals are whom security is for iii) Redefined security (1) Traditional security is outdated in era of globalization, environmental threats, demographic threats, and non-state actor threats (2) Focus still on how these things affect states, but recognition that source of threat can be non-military (3) New threats to states iv) Human security (1) Thought to encompass, economical, environmental, and persona issues that are thought now to be security issues since they involve the potential for conflict and to cause wars (2) Effect is on individuals, societies, and groups from military, non-military, or both (3) New threats to non-state actors II. Human security a) Definition: 2 major components i) Safety from chronic threats like hunger, disease, and repression ii) Protection from sudden and hurtful disruptions in the patterns of everyday life, whether in homes, jobs, or communities (1) Economic security, health security, environmental security, personal security all fit within this—this definition is very broad b) Key issues on the human security agenda i)
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