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IR Notes Lecture 2

IR Notes Lecture 2 - IR Notes Lecture I Key Actors in...

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IR Notes Lecture 2—January 18, 2007 I. Key Actors in International Relations a) The rise of the Modern Nation-State System i) Divide the modern state into two basic eras (1) 1648-1800 (a) 30 years war 1618 (i) Religious and dynastic entities that cut across cultural and language distinctions fought—Habsburgs, other Catholics fought the Protestant German princes (ii) Religious alignment replace with system of sovereign states? (iii) 2 critical norms established 1. principle of sovereignty : state is an independent body exercising control over a set territory a. Princes wouldn’t try to enforce claims on another territory 2. Principle of territorial integrity : borders between states are inviolable, and the smallest state in the system has the same amount of control over its territory as the largest and its borders should be respected (2) 1800-present (a) Coincides with French Revolution and subsequent Napoleonic wars (i) They marked beginning of transformation from absolutist, dynastic states to nation-states (ii) FrRev signaled the rise of nationalism: the belief a group of people with shared identity should have its own state—institutions of government that allows you sovereignty and thus territorial integrity 1. replacement of monarchic rule with a state based on the concept of being French---revolutionary concept 2. the congruence b/w a nation and political entity to govern that nation—the state (iii) Such nationalism has been dominant political force of past two centuries and has dominated this era (b) Wilson supported idea of self-determination leading to creation of new nation states making coming together of nation and state (i) This is an endorsement of nationalism b) Why is the state still so dominant? (1) The highest form of political organization that exists around the world (2) The state has for the most part managed to remain sovereign—has a monopoly on the legitimate use of force (3) In principle, all states remain equal in status
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IR Notes Lecture 2 - IR Notes Lecture I Key Actors in...

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