IR Notes Lecture 5

IR Notes Lecture 5 - IR Notes Lecture 530 Janurary 2007...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
IR Notes Lecture 5—30 Janurary 2007 Liberalism, I—International Institutions and Economic Interdependence I. Criticism of Realism a) Power’s the central independent variable but how do you measure it? i) Is it about perceived power, and if so how to measure? b) Security Dilemma cannot actually explain why you get the outbreak of war in some circumstances and not others i) Need to add psychological factors or domestic considerations to explain this, but this gets away from the structural theory of realism c) It is right no matter what—it’s a truism since it expects states to act in certain ways—balance against threats to their interests (primary prediction) i) If states don’t act in that way, realists don’t say our theory was wrong, they will just say that these states will be punished d) How does a structural theory like this explain change? How do you go from one type of system to another—do you have to supplement the systemic explanation with psychological/domestic considerations e) Some criticize if for being an immoral theory, although it is actually amoral (not concerned with morality, and state leaders can’t be either) f) Others claim it is a bygone theory, but not useful in contemporary times with non-state actors, challenges to the state, globalization II. Responses a) Most state remain sensitive to balance of power b) Most states weary of vulnerabilies, seek to enhance power at expense of rivals c) States may in fact cooperate but this can be very difficult to achieve and sustain over long term III. Liberalism a) Share many of the assumptions of realists i) State centrally important ii) Int’l system is anarchic iii) Uncertainty about intentions is a problem b) But i) Realist view as relentless security competition is too pessimistic (1) Isn’t normative, it’s a criticism that they haven’t captured the real way the world works ii) Sustainable cooperation is possible c) 3 branches (3 different ind. variables to explain why cooperation is more common than realists maintain) i) International institutions (systemic level argument) (1) Helps states overcome selfish behavior by encouraging them to forego short term benefits of cheating for the benefits of long term cooperation ii) Economic interdependence (systemic level argument)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
(1) Encourages cooperation because when they are economically interdependent and conflict b/w them is a detriment to their prosperity iii) Democracy (2 nd image domestic level argument) (1) Claim that democratic states are more peaceful toward each other and may be inherently more peaceful d) History i) Goes back to John Locke (1) He argued that although a state of nature lacks a common sovereign, people could develop ties and make contracts to
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/12/2010 for the course GOVT 006 taught by Professor Wallander during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

Page1 / 5

IR Notes Lecture 5 - IR Notes Lecture 530 Janurary 2007...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online