Wwysegaandersonm2008animalphysiology2nded

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Unformatted text preview: tebrates:
Comparative
anatomy,
function,
evolution
(4th
ed.).

 Organ
systems
 Cell

Tissue
Organ

Organ
system
 Bone
 •  Calcium
phosphate
as
main
mineral
component
 •  Evolved
first
probably
as
mineral
storage,
not
as
 support
 •  Structural
component
includes
minerals
and
collagen
 From
Saladin,
K.
(2001).
Anatomy
and
physiology
(2nd
ed.).
 4
 11/2/09
 Digestive
Tract
in
Bird
 •  Vertebrate
digestive
system
 •  Vertebrate
respiratory
system
 Mouth
 Esophagus
 Crop
 Stomach
 Gizzard
 Intestine
 Anus
 Fig.
41‐9c
 Human
digestive
system
 Carnivore
 Tongue
 Salivary
glands
 Oral
cavity
 Pharynx
 Esophagus
 Liver
 Ascending
 portion
of
 large
intestine
 Sphincter
 Mouth
 Esophagus
 Sphincter
 Stomach
 Gall‐
 bladder
 Pancreas
 Small
 intestine
 Large
 intestine
 Anus
 Gall‐
 bladder
 Salivary
 glands
 Digestive
system
in
other
mammals
 Herbivore
 Stomach
 Small
intestine
 Cecum
 Stomach
 Small
 intestine
 Large
 intestine
 Rectum
 Anus
 Small
intestine
 Small
 intestine
 Rectum
 Appendix
 Cecum
 Duodenum
of
 small
intestine
 Liver
 Pancreas
 A
schematic
diagram
of
the
 human
digestive
system
 Colon
 (large
 intestine)
 Fig.
41.19
 Countercurrent
Exchange
of
Gas
in
Fish
 Fluid
flow
 through
 gill
filament
 Lamella
 Gill
filament
 organization
 Blood
 vessels
 Operculum
 Water
flow
 between
 lamellae
 Blood
flow
through
 capillaries
in
lamella
 •  Vertebrate
digestive
system
 •  Vertebrate
respiratory
system
 Anatomy
of
gills
 Gill
 arch
 Oxygen‐poor
blood
 Oxygen‐rich
blood
 Gill
 arch
 Water
 flow
 Countercurrent
exchange
 PO 
(mm
Hg)
in
water
 150
120
 90
 60
 30
 Gill
filaments
 Fig.
42‐22
 Net
diffusion
 of
O2from
water
 to
blood
 140
 110
 80
 50
 20
 PO 
(mm
Hg)
in
blood
 2 2 5
 11/2/09
 Mammalian
respiratory
surfaces
 Branch
of
 pulmonary
vein
 (oxygen‐rich
blood)
 Branch
of

...
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2010 for the course BIOG 1101 taught by Professor N/a during the Fall '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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