Chapter 2 Glossary

Chapter 2 Glossary - Chapter 2 Glossary Chapter 2 act...

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Chapter 2
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Glossary Chapter 2 act utilitarianism The most basic type of utilitarianism, which states that we must ask ourselves what the consequences will be for all those who may be affected by a particular act in a particular situation. If its consequences bring more total good than those of any alternative course of action, then this action is the right one and the one we should perform. business egoism The view that it is morally acceptable (or even morally required) for individuals to pursue their economic interests when engaged in business. This view is defended on utilitarian grounds. categorical imperative Kant’s moral concept that an action is morally right if and only if we can will that the maxim (or principle) represented by our action be a universal law. (For example, a person making a promise with no intention of keeping it cannot universalize the maxim governing his action, because if everyone followed this principle, promising would make no sense.) Kant believed this concept to be binding on all rational creatures, regardless of their goals or
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Chapter 2 Glossary - Chapter 2 Glossary Chapter 2 act...

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