Civil_War_era - CivilWarera(18491865) I

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Civil War era (1849–1865) I n the middle of the 19th century,  white Americans  of the  North  and  South  were  unable to reconcile fundamental differences in their approach to government,  economics, society and  African American  slavery. The issue of slavery in the new  territories was settled by the  Compromise of 1850  brokered by Whig  Henry Clay  and  Democrat  Stephen Douglas ; the Compromise included admission of  California  as a  free   state  and the passage of the  Fugitive Slave Act  to make it easier for masters to reclaim  runaway slaves. [48]  In 1854, the proposed  Kansas-Nebraska Act  abrogated the  Missouri   Compromise  by providing that each new state of the Union would decide its stance on  slavery. [52]  After  Abraham Lincoln  won the  1860 Election , eleven Southern states  seceded from the union between late 1860 and 1861, establishing a rebel government,  the  Confederate States of America , on February 8, 1861. [53] By 1860, there were nearly four million slaves residing in the United States,  nearly eight times as many from 1790; within the same time period,  cotton  production in  the U.S. boomed from less than a thousand tons to nearly one million tons per year. 
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2010 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Wyman during the Spring '09 term at Seattle Central Community College.

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Civil_War_era - CivilWarera(18491865) I

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