third_test - America and the World, 1921-1945 Retreat...

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America and the World, 1921-1945 Retreat Reversal, and Rivalry - 1920s –American diplomacy permeated by a sense of disillusionment - US refuses to be bound by any agreement to preserve international peace o Policy of isolation o Still wanted involvement with trade Retreat in Europe - 1928 –Kellogg-Brand Pact outlaws war but binds no action to preserve peace - US refuses recognition of soviet Union - US quarrels w/ former allies over repayment of $10 billion in wartime loans - 1924 –Charles Dawes= Dawes Plan –The United States loans $ to Germany, so they can repay GB and FR reparations of the war. And then they can repay the United States. Ultimately, Germany will have to pay us back, when they get back on their feet - Young plan- reduce $ owned from Germany Cooperation in Latin America - Coolidge, Hoover, FDR substitute cooperation for military coercion - FDR’s “Good Neighbor” policy renounces past imperialism - US continues political, economic domination of Latin America Rivalry in Asia - 1920 –Japanese occupy Korea, parts of Manchuria - US open door policy blocks Japanese dominance of China Washington conference of 1921 - England agrees to us naval equality - Japan accepted as 3 rd naval power - All nations agree to limit naval construction - 9-power treaty –open door policy reaffirmed - 4-power treaty-establishes alliance among –US, FR, GB, and Japan Isolationism - Depression shifts to domestic affairs - Rise of militaristic regimes threatens war o Germany – 1933 – Adolf Hitler and Nazism – “Supreme Race” –Aryan o Italy – 1922 –Bonito Mussolini and Fascism – Strong policy of militarism (expansion) o USSR- Lenin -1924 Josef Stalin The Lure of Pacifism and Neutrality - most Americans resolved against another meaningless war - Nye committee – 1935- senator Gerald Nye leads passage of neutrality legislation o Us trade/ with nations @ war prohibited - 1937-Japan invades china - FDR permits sale of arms to china - Munich Conference o Hitler- Germany (Hitler wanted Sudanate land, he takes over Czech and then he wants Poland. Hitler talks w/ Stalin and on Aug. 1939 the Moscow-Berlin pact (non aggressive pact)
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o Mussolini – Italy o Chamberlin – GB o - FR o They agree to a policy of appeasement - US helps USSR and GB because they are non-aggressive nations War in Europe - FDR approves appeasement of Hitler - 1938 –Hitler seizes Czechoslovakia - FDR attempts to revise the neutrality acts, to give edge to England, FR - January, 1939—FDR attacks neutrality acts - September 1939 –WWI begins, Roosevelt declares the acts in forces - US remains @ peace 1939-1941 - Popular sympathy for allies, distance for Germany and Japan - Roosevelt openly expresses favor for allies, moves cautiously to avoid isolationist outcry From neutrality to undeclared war - 1939-41 = FDR seeks help for England w/o actually entering the war - Nov. 1939 –Belligerents may buy US goods on “cash and carry” basis - 1940-German occupation of FR Increase aid to England
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2010 for the course CHEM 3341 taught by Professor Dieckmann,g during the Spring '08 term at Dallas.

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third_test - America and the World, 1921-1945 Retreat...

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