Lecture_2___Management_History___Environments

Lecture_2___Management_History___Environments -...

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    Management Concepts Lecture 2 – The history of management:  internal and external environments Associate Professor Bradley Bowden Department of Management Semester 2, 2005
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    Lecture Organisation Emergence of Management Classical Management BREAK (10 MINS) Behavioural Approach External and Internal Environments
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    Key Questions for Lecture What are the key functions of management? When and why did management emerge as a  distinct practical and theoretical discipline? What were the main ideas that shaped the  development of management? What is the relationship between internal and  external environments?
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    Some Readings Peter Drucker, The Practice of Management  Some 40 years old but a classic Sidney Pollard, The Genesis of Management,  1993 Good general history early management Alfred Chandler, The Modern Corporation,  1959 Classic on organisational structure and strategy
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    Emergence of Management
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    What made management a  new science? Societies had been engaging in major construction,  commercial and industrial activities for thousands of  years (pyramids, Venetian shipyard of 14 th  century) Europe had international finance system by 14 th   century But cannot be considered as engaging in  management as we know it Management only begins 19 th  century As a recognised discipline in universities, only  1950s
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    Industrial revolution and origins of  management (1800-1840s) Most rapid period of change in human history Changes include : Steam-power  allowed  beginning of modern factory  system Steam-power also led to railways and powered  shipping Division of labour become norm Time becomes a commodity measured by clocks
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    Key issues for Managers Those of today but confronted for the first time How to best and most efficiently organise work How to build up a core of trained managers How to recruit, train and motivate large workforces How to properly know and control costs (time being cost) How to integrate all of above into a comprehensive  approach, both practically and theoretically All faced in ad hoc, uncoordinated fashion Early ‘management’ writers (Robert Owen, Charles  Babbage, Henry Towne) likewise developed ideas in  ad hoc, uncoordinated way Owen concerned with working conditions and employee  involvement; Babbage with production efficiency
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    Accounting for costs - the problem Accounting prior to 19th century acted as a system of  ‘reckoning’ (i.e. recording what is spent and  received), not for  estimating costs or profits, or for 
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Lecture_2___Management_History___Environments -...

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