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Lecture_3___Organisational_Structure___Work_Design

Lecture_3___Organisational_Structure___Work_Design -...

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    Lecture 3 - Organisational Structure  & Work Design 1001MGT Management Concepts, 2005 - A/Professor Bradley Bowden
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    Organisation of Lecture Definitions, Chandler & the Multi-Department  Firm Job Design Vertical & Horizontal Co-ordination (including  spans of control), including Hybrid and Matrix  Structures Strategy & Structure THIS LECTURE COVERS THE MATERIAL IN  CHAPTERS 8 & 9 OF TEXT
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    Structure and key writers Appropriate structure vital to firm growth and survival Often given less thought than production, markets etc Frequent cause of firm failure 3 dominant writers Alfred Chandler (1959) – Strategy & Structure Hackman and Oldham (1980) – job characteristics model Michael Porter (1985) – Competitive Advantage
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    Key Text Readings Chap 8 *** pp. 254-61 (job design) pp 252-66 Chap 9 *** pp. 288-94 (Chandler, strategy and  structure) pp. 295-300 pp. 303-07
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    Definitions, Chandler & the Multi- Department Firm
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    Defining Organisational Structure ‘Structure can be defined as the design of  organization through which the enterprise is  administered’ (Chandler, 1959, p. 14) ‘ the formal interactions and coordination patterns  management designs to link tasks of individuals and  groups to achieve organisational goals.’ (text, 254) Involves 4 elements: Assigning tasks & responsibilities to individuals and units Clustering these to form a hierarchy Mechanisms for vertical coordination Mechanisms for horizontal coordination
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    Organisational Chart & Chain of  Command Organisational chart is a line diagram  showing organisational structure in broad  outline The chain of command is the UNBROKEN  authority line linking each individual with the  top of the organisation
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    Organisational Chart ABC INC. CEO DIRECTOR HRM DIRECTOR FINANCE DIRECTOR SALES MANAGER FINANCE SUBORDINATE
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    Chandler & multi-unit structure Alfred Chander (1959) - main writer on relationship  between organisational strategy & structure
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