Paper 2 - Joshua Ahn #8876229 Philosophy 100C Paper 2...

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Joshua Ahn #8876229 Philosophy 100C Paper 2 Section: Wed @1 Speaker-Meaning Paul Grice offers an extensive analysis of speaker-meaning in his works in which he states his theory on what one means when uttering a sentence and how it is conveyed and understood by the listener. His analysis can be simplified into this form: A speaker X means that p by uttering S iff X utters S intending: (1) That X’s audience, A, should actively believe/judge that p (2) That A should recognize that X intends (1) (3) That the fulfillment of (1) should be based on the fulfillment of (2) Grice states that a speaker means something by uttering a sentence if and only if he or she utters it intending three conditions. First is that the hearer or audience should make a judgment or believe something about the sentence that was said. This means that a sentence has no real meaning if the audience cannot make a judgment about or believe something about the sentence. For example, if one tells another that his hair is black, the hearer can look at the speaker’s hair color and either judge that “yes his hair is black” or believe that his hair is indeed black. On the other hand if one tells another complete gibberish such as “ughhrrrrhhhh blahhhh,” the hearer cannot believe anything that was said about the sentence nor make any judgments regarding it, besides perhaps that the
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2010 for the course PHIL 100d taught by Professor Rescorla during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Paper 2 - Joshua Ahn #8876229 Philosophy 100C Paper 2...

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