Bio #2 test - Chapter 35 Plant Structure Growth and...

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Chapter 35: Plant Structure, Growth, and Development Chapter Questions 1) You are studying a plant from the arid southwestern United States. Which of the following adaptations is least likely to have evolved in response to water shortages? A) closing the stomata during the hottest time of the day B) development of large leaf surfaces to absorb water C) formation of a fibrous root system spread over a large area D) mycorrhizae associated with the root system E) a thick waxy cuticle on the epidermis 2) Which part of a plant absorbs most of the water and minerals taken up from the soil? 3) An evolutionary adaptation that increases exposure of a plant to light in a dense forest is 4) A person working with plants may remove apical dominance by doing which of the following? 6) Land plants are composed of all the following tissue types except A) mesodermal. B) epidermal. C) meristematic. D) vascular. E) ground tissue. 7) Vascular plant tissue includes all of the following cell types except 8) Which functional plant cells lack a nucleus? The questions below use the following answers. Each answer may be used once, more than once, or not at
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all. A. parenchyma B. collenchyma C. sclerenchyma D. tracheids E. sieve cells 9) long, thin tapered cells with lignified cell walls that function in support and permit water to flow through pits ( D) 10) living cells that lack nuclei and ribosomes; they transport sugars and other organic nutrients (E) 11) the least specialized plant cells, which serve general metabolic, synthetic, and storage functions (A) 12) cells with unevenly thickened primary walls that support still-elongating parts of the plant (B) 13) mature cells without protoplasts with thick, lignified secondary walls that may not function in transport (C)
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