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02.16.10 lec notes - -what kind of evidence is there for...

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02.16.10 -What could it mean for a metaphor to be true? -Could it be true that “we're spinning our wheels in this relationship?” -if it's true...we're reasoning about love in terms of wheels than it fits our world -Once you're thinking metaphorically, and those metaphors determine what you actually do, we structure our lives in terms of metaphors which means truth is based on understanding -there are no ideas independent of brains and bodies -why do we have the same metaphors? We have similar experiences which create correlations -re-framing: associating ideas like “this is stupid and I shouldn't do this” with frames, so that when that particular frame is activated, the language that you associated with it is activated as well
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Unformatted text preview: -what kind of evidence is there for the existence of metaphors? Families of words (semantic fields/same frames): lots of words for the same frame. For metaphors, meaning is systematically mapped-there is direct _________ “From my office, I can see the Bay” from is a source where there is a path and a goal-the part of the brain that is more active-There's really only one type of metaphor(not three types), Structural-“Happy is up” name for a mapping target is source-subjects thinking about the future leaned forward, subjects thinking about the past leaned backward (in english)...
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