02.02.10 lec notes - 02.02.10 -Why start talking about...

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02.02.10 -Why start talking about categorization and not the supermarket example? -we build understanding through our own experiences -make unconscious knowledge conscious -set up Aristotle's theories although we had contradicting knowledge -suppose we were psychologists and had to prove everything with an experiment. How would we know what experiment to do? -we have an idea/insight about what the answer/outcome will be -What are family resemblances ? -Traits shared across the group but not one trait does everyone have (contradicts Aristotle's view) -Aristotle said that everything in one group has an “essence” -What is Centrality? -some examples are more central than others (robin is a more central example of a bird than a penguin) -Great Chain of Being: types of beings in the world → physical objects (they don't think, not alive, don't move under their own power) plants (alive, they have a certain structure) animals (lower animals: move) higher animals (move, think, alive) humans -children learn about the structure and nature of things based on how close they are to them (closer to higher animals than objects) -What ideas did Lichtenstein come up with? -Family resemblances
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02.02.10 lec notes - 02.02.10 -Why start talking about...

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