Hobbes_Reading_Questions_I

Hobbes_Reading_Questions_I - Reading Questions on Hobbes...

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Reading Questions on Hobbes Leviathan Hobbes: his Introduction Ch. 6, 9, 10, 11, 13 Note: there is a good glossary in the back of the book (pp. 550-59), which is especially useful for obsolete words and meanings. The Introduction (pp. 3-5) 1. According to Hobbes, what is a Commonwealth? Do you agree? Commonwealth = political body of men; artificial man whose purpose is to protect the “natural” man. 2. What is the business of the state, according to Hobbes? The people’s safety – salus populi Chapter 6 3. What is Hobbes' picture of human motivation? Imagination is the first internal beginning of all voluntary motion. Appetite and desire = endeavor towards something love; aversion = endeavor away hate We desire things that we believe not to exist; aversion for things that might hurt us, whether we know for sure that they will or not. Contempt = things we neither desire nor hate These feelings (desires and aversions) change just as the man’s body is in continuous motion 4. When does 'good' have meaning according to Hobbes? What does it mean? Good has meaning in relation to the person using it (no common rule of good and evil) Good = object of man’s desire/appetite 3 types of good: (1) in promise, (2) in effect, (3) as the means 5. What is good for a commonwealth? Because there is no common rule of good,
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Hobbes_Reading_Questions_I - Reading Questions on Hobbes...

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