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MUSIC 15 - MUSIC 15 The Beatles Lecture Notes Lecture 1...

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MUSIC 15: The Beatles Lecture Notes Lecture 1 (1/4/10) Musical Roots of Rock and Roll - African o West African o Slave work songs, “call and response” o Shouts and hollers o Country blues (roaming musician, poor American south) o Classic Blues- mostly female o Gospel o American R&B - European o Symphonic o Appalachian folk o “Roaring 20’s” pop Tin Pan Alley o Western Swing o Theatre o Country Western o Rockabilly Blues Characteristics: - Blue notes- in between notes, “smearing of notes” - Chord progression: I, IV, V o Pitch- what musical tone/vibration o Chord- multiple notes played at the same time (usually three or more) Chords produce harmony o A=1, B=2, etc, then 1, 4, 5 chord progression is A, D, E, then back to A. - 12 bar blues= I, I, I, I, IV, IV, I, I, V, IV, I, I, (bar=4/4 measure) - Expression of Suffering - Antiphonal (call and response)- can be done with one person (A, A, B, A sequence) - “The Blues is a lowdown, aching chill; if you ain’t never had ‘em, I hope you never will”- Robert Johnson - Bessie Smith “empress of blues” - Electric blues- “Muddy Waters” - Overt sexual overtones of first African music was found grotesque by Europeans/White Americans, but was meant to be an honest form of human expression - Gospel choir was also an influence
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Rhythm & Blues (R&B) - Combined gospel, jazz, blues - Ray Charles “I’ve Got a Woman” o Using gospel influences to talk about everyday things, which some people found offensive o Opened doors for people to use gospel in popular music o “Stop time”- music stops, then starts again Alan “Moondog” Freed- DJ - Credited for coining term rock and roll - “The police don’t want you to have fun.”- 1958 - Played R&B on popular radio stations - First to cross racial lines in music - Faced charges of being “paid off” Little Richard - “Tutti Frutti”, version covered by Pat Boone - Very influential in rock and roll
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