ANTH 210 – Fall 2005, Midterm #2 Study Guide / Review
(ONE OF TWO)
“The secret of achievement is to hold a picture of a successful outcome in mind”
----------TEST ANXIETY QUESTIONS ----------
What characterized the pirate period of Jamaica’s History
Jamaica became known during its second century of existence as a pirates’
cove, it sits conveniently just west of the windward passage between Haiti
and Cuba, in that high seas marauders could harass the trade.
The large contest between the two world powers, British & Spain led to
many privateers, known as pirates, to loot and plunder shipments.
The long-term economic vitality of Jamaica proved to be tied up with
piracy, thanks to the loot stolen by the pirates that the island was able to
develop tobacco, cotton, and sugar plantations.
Such is the case with
Henry Morgan, whom was a private and then setup plantations.
Why Jamaican plantations imported so many slaves; what were the
consequences of Jamaican slavery; what are its effects on today’s Jamaicans
The sugar plantations needed masses of laborers to grow and harvest, with
the killing of the local arawak Indians, they turned to the importation of
West and Central African slaves.
Hundreds of thousands of Africans
came to Jamaica in bondage over the next three centuries.
The effect today is it brought out a political significance Rastafari in
Jamaica, it says Jamaican resistance to exploitation and injustice began
during the slave crossing from Africa to the Caribbean, known as the
There is a highly stratified society, white colonial administrators sat atop
the social pyramid, and slaves on the bottom, creating an extreme social
Today the African population in Jamaica couldn’t look upon the
plantation owners as their fellow Jamaicans, as the other way around
Today there is huge separation.
Jamaicans long to reunite with
their original homeland, Zion, that is, with Africa.
What kind of movement is Rastafarianism; what are its key symbols;
- an ideology which combined the resistance against oppression
with an underlying love for the freedom and emancipation of Africa and
In other words, the oppression, and realization that
theses slaves were not from Jamaica, and could not relate to Jamaica, had
the idea of repatriation back to Africa, to reunite with their homeland.
it’s a movement to live back with Africa, not Jamaica, and the plantation
Rasta beliefs and often expressed via symbols and images
Ethopia/ Africa (emperor, lion, flag);