Exam 2 Study Guide

Exam 2 Study Guide - ANTH 210 Fall 2005 Midterm#2 Study...

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ANTH 210 – Fall 2005, Midterm #2 Study Guide / Review (ONE OF TWO) “The secret of achievement is to hold a picture of a successful outcome in mind” ----------TEST ANXIETY QUESTIONS ---------- 1. What characterized the pirate period of Jamaica’s History a. Jamaica became known during its second century of existence as a pirates’ cove, it sits conveniently just west of the windward passage between Haiti and Cuba, in that high seas marauders could harass the trade. b. The large contest between the two world powers, British & Spain led to many privateers, known as pirates, to loot and plunder shipments. c. The long-term economic vitality of Jamaica proved to be tied up with piracy, thanks to the loot stolen by the pirates that the island was able to develop tobacco, cotton, and sugar plantations. Such is the case with Henry Morgan, whom was a private and then setup plantations. 2. Why Jamaican plantations imported so many slaves; what were the consequences of Jamaican slavery; what are its effects on today’s Jamaicans a. The sugar plantations needed masses of laborers to grow and harvest, with the killing of the local arawak Indians, they turned to the importation of West and Central African slaves. Hundreds of thousands of Africans came to Jamaica in bondage over the next three centuries. b. The effect today is it brought out a political significance Rastafari in Jamaica, it says Jamaican resistance to exploitation and injustice began during the slave crossing from Africa to the Caribbean, known as the middle passage. c. There is a highly stratified society, white colonial administrators sat atop the social pyramid, and slaves on the bottom, creating an extreme social division. Today the African population in Jamaica couldn’t look upon the plantation owners as their fellow Jamaicans, as the other way around either. Today there is huge separation. Jamaicans long to reunite with their original homeland, Zion, that is, with Africa. 3. What kind of movement is Rastafarianism; what are its key symbols; ceremonies a. Rastafari - an ideology which combined the resistance against oppression with an underlying love for the freedom and emancipation of Africa and African peoples. In other words, the oppression, and realization that theses slaves were not from Jamaica, and could not relate to Jamaica, had the idea of repatriation back to Africa, to reunite with their homeland. So it’s a movement to live back with Africa, not Jamaica, and the plantation owners. b. Rasta beliefs and often expressed via symbols and images i. Ethopia/ Africa (emperor, lion, flag);
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ii. Dreadlocks iii. Herb chalice – marijuana (The Rasta chalice-special Jamaican pipe, smoking ganja is kind of a spiritual, a righteous state) iv. //and via a few ceremonies and practices v. “reasoning” ceremony vi. “Grounations” with Nyabinghi drumming; vii. “ital” diet” c. Rastafarianism developed as : i. An authentic grassroots movement struggling for liberation from
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Exam 2 Study Guide - ANTH 210 Fall 2005 Midterm#2 Study...

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