What does the term, Gunpowder Empires, refer to?

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Review Sheet for Text Chapter 20: Land-based Empires of the Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals and Russia, from 1500-1750, east of Europe following the collapse of the Mongols Emily Berg and Euan Kang 1. What does the term, Gunpowder Empires, refer to?
1. The Ottoman Empire: Named for leader Osman Bey a. Why was Mehmed II conquest of Constantinople in 1453 pivotal to Ottoman success?
b. Define the devshirme system used by the Ottoman sultans in the 15th & 16 th centuries. Describe the millet system.
c. Who were the Janissaries?

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