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Old_ Testament_powerpoint - The Old Testament as Literature...

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The Old Testament as Literature and Ancient Thought
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Background The Hebrew-speaking people originate in Mesopotamia Monotheism (worship of only one God)—an amazing innovation Idea of a covenant between God and His people The Hebrew language, a real alphabet (though not yet perfected)
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The Early Hebrew Alphabet
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Hebrew symbols for vowels The modern Hebrew alphabet
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A “modern” page from the Book of Exodus. Notice the vowels below the letters, to make reading easier for beginners.
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The [Hebrew] Bible According to Christians, the “Old Testament” A collection of many types of texts, brought together by editors in the approximate period 1000 – 300 b.c.e. Contains several different genres of writing: prose and poetry, historical texts, lists of laws, prophesies, love lyrics, etc. The sacred texts of the Jews, written versions of previously oral stories, legends, prayers. Modern scholarship (since 19 th c.) seeks to decipher various authors’ idiosyncratic styles, voices. Many scholars think the the Babylonian Captivity (6 th c. b.c.e.) was a major impetus to writing the texts.
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According to the calendar still used in Jewish worship, the current year in the lives of Jews is 5770, i.e., that many years since the Creation. The Hebrew-speaking people migrated westward from Mesopotamia, following the command and promise of their God. After many difficulties and periodic expulsions, they settle in the land previously ruled by the Canaanites on the shores of the Mediterranean. They become the nation of “Israel” (a name given to Jacob, the father of the 12 early tribes) They also come to be called the “Jews” (from Judah, one of Jacob’s sons whose tribe become the most powerful). Around 1000 b.c.e. Judah is a powerful kingdom under
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2010 for the course CPLT CPLT017A taught by Professor Shapiro during the Fall '10 term at UC Riverside.

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Old_ Testament_powerpoint - The Old Testament as Literature...

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