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Final Exam Review - FinalExamReview .Itisnotall ....

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Final Exam Review This review sheet is designed to help you organize your studying and review key concepts. It is  not  all  inclusive – you should read the chapters in the book and notes from lecture.  Other things that may help  you include:                  review lecture notes and chapters in the book being able to define all vocabulary words and provide a real life example that you  understand! knowing not only what terms mean but how to apply them! GOOD LUCK and you’re almost done with PSY 101!    Chapter 16 – Psychological Disorders 1) When do psychologists label behavior as “disordered”? Psychological Disorders:  deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns. 2) How do each of the following models view psychological disorders and do they differ: medical model:      the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed,  treated, and , in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders the medical  model assumes that these  mental illnesses  can be diagnosed on the basis of their  symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric  hospital. psychoanalytic model     behavioral model     humanistic model     sociocultural model     biopsychosocial model:     1. Biological Influences:     Evolution Individual genes Brain structure and chemistry 2. Psychological Influences:     Stress Trauma Learned helplessness Mood-related perceptions and memories 3. Social-cultural Influences:     Roles Expectations Definitions of  normality  and  disorder 3) What is the DSM-IV? Describe how it is organized. What are some of the pros and cons of  diagnostic labeling?
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DSM-IV:  The American Psychiatric Association’s  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of  Mental Disorders  (Fourth Edition), a widely used system for classifying psychological  disorders. Presently distributed in an updated “text revision” (DSM-IV-TR). Organization: Axis I:  is a  Clinical Syndrome  present? Using specifically defined criteria, clinicians  may select none, one, or more syndromes from the following list: o Delirium, dementia, amnesia, and other cognitive disorders o Mental disorders o Substance-related disorders o Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders o Mood disorders o Somatoform disorders o Sleep disorders o Etc. Axis II:  is a  Personality Disorder  or  Mental Retardation  present?
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