ISS 320 Exam 2 - ISS 320 Exam 2(5-8 Notes on South American...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ISS 320: Exam 2 (5-8) Notes on South American Cities: Cultural influences in South American cities include the mixing of indigenous and European including Spanish, Italian, German, Portuguese and African Some of the cities in SA countries are better understood in the Caribbean and Middle American context: Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana Today, every country in SA is more than 50% urbanized Chile, Argentina, Uruguay and Venezuela are more than 90% urban By 2015, its expected that all countries in SA will be over 80% urbanized; Still urban growth rates have slowed in recent years Urban primacy (dominance of primate cities) continues to be dominant characteristic of SA urbanization At least 30 SA cities contain more that 1 million population, as much of the region’s people reside in metropolitan mega cities Nearly every major urban center in SA has been founded by 1600; by 1580 Spaniards had established 225 populated cities During the post-independence era, from 1820 onward, urbanization in SA was shaped by export economies: Mineral-based economies together w/tropical agricultural systems build around plantations (coffee, sugar, etc.) tended to create urban enclaves rather than a broader urban system The SA economies shifted from agriculture to industry and services from 1900 to 1940, and its populated shifted from rural areas to urban centers during this period. Countries w/at least 70% urban are: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela. Venezuela is the most urbanized with 94.8% In 1992, 4 of the world’s 13 mega cities (over 10 million) were in Latin America – Mexico City, Greater Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, Sao Paulo. They share various characteristics w/cities in other regions: Common colonial experience
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Similar paths of historic development Recent internalization of tastes, products and technologies Ongoing conditions of economic recession Widespread informal sector SA cities have long been part of the global economic system. The countries are highly urbanize, but rates of urban growth are declining The countries were transformed to urban societies in the 20 th century (1900’s) SA cities openly compete w/those in other developed regions for opportunities to be global financial, manufacturing, and service-oriented centers for multinational enterprises. Though they have common historical perspectives and experiences, national and local diversity prevail. The Andean region is now the fastest urban growth region in SA Every country, except from Brazil and Ecuador, is dominated by the primate city, usually the capital city. The concentration of population, economic activities and government operations in the primate cities creates problems such as lack of economic development and stagnation of growth in smaller regional centers. Major Regional Critical Issues:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 11

ISS 320 Exam 2 - ISS 320 Exam 2(5-8 Notes on South American...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online