Psych 3 - Psych 3 3/13/08 Motivation Why do humans do...

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Psych 3 3/13/08 Motivation Why do humans do things? Why do we behave at all? What motivates us to be active? Motivation: “to change” “to move” A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior Functions of Motivational Concepts: To account for behavioral variability To relate biology to behavior To infer private states from public acts To assign responsibility for actions To explain perseverance despite adversity Helps us organize our perceptions: if you’re motivated to do something, way you look at world will change, be sensitive to opportunities that let you do what you want to do Instinct: Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned Human’s don’t seem to have many instincts Those we do have don’t explain much of human behavior. Freudian Instincts: Different from biological instincts Source (the biological need), Aim (meet the need) Impetus (strength of need), Object (something that can fulfill your need) All behavior can be explained w/these four things Discussion of Freudian Theory: All behavior biologically related Source, Aim, Impetus don’t change Only Objects change over lifetime Objects change by experience All new behavior is old behavior transformed by experience Freudian theory is limited because no higher order (i.e. why do we listen to music? What biological need is that satisfying?) Drive-Reduction Theory: A physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY PSY 101 taught by Professor Caldwell during the Spring '10 term at Michigan State University.

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Psych 3 - Psych 3 3/13/08 Motivation Why do humans do...

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