BBH Txt study guide

BBH Txt study guide - Chapter 10: Field Epidemiology Know...

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BBH 440-Epidemiology, Text Study Guide, Exam 1, Fall '09 Note: The term "recognize" below means that the concept or topic might be used in a multiple choice question. You should study to be able to understand the term or concept and know how it related to Epidemiology. Chapter 1: History and Scope of Epidemiology Know. .. ....the meaning of or the significance of the specialized terms, phrases, and concepts in this chapter including, but not limited to: epidemiology, epidemic, endemic, pandemic, EIS, morbidity, mortality, surveillance, "natural experiments" the "broad Street Pump" "Removing the Handle of the Broad Street Pump" Mortality: refers to death Morbidity: refers to illness Pandemic: refers to an epidemic on worldwide scale Endemic: characterizes a disease that is habitually present in a particular geographical region. Surveillance: denotes the systematic collection of data pertaining to the occurrence of specific diseases Natural experiments: naturally occurring situations, as seen in the broad street pump. Broad street pump: had its water supply pumped from 2 different companies that were supplying different levels of contamination. Removing the handle of the broad street pump: Snows theory had the handle of the broad street pump removed to prevent further use and spread of cholera. ...the definition of epidemiology; Concerned with the distribution and determinates of health and diseases, morbidity, injuries, disability and mortality in a population ...aims of epidemiology (recognize); (pg 12) o To describe health status of populations… o To explain the etiology of the disease…. o To predict the occurrence… o To control the distribution… ...Koch postulates (recognize); 1. The microorganism must be observed in every case of the disease. 2. It must be isolated and grown in pure culture. 3. The pure culture must, when inoculated into a susceptible animal, reproduce the disease. 4. The microorganism must be observed in, and recovered from the experimentally diseased animal.
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...purposes of quantification in epidemiology; It is the translation of qualitative impression into numbers to objective subjective impressions. ...purposes and uses of pie charts, bar graphs, etc. in epidemiology; These graphs are used to describe characteristics of data, such as subgroup differences and time trends. ...importance and major contributions (recognize) to epidemiology of the following persons: Hippocrates, Hippocrates: his thinking represented a movement away from supernatural explanations for disease, causation to a rational account of the origin of humankind’s illnesses. o
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BBH Txt study guide - Chapter 10: Field Epidemiology Know...

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