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History 4-16 - Transformation of the Mediterranean world I...

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Transformation of the Mediterranean world I. Germanic migrations and the Fall of Rome II. The Byzantine Empire III. The Islamic World A. Geography and Pre-Islamic Culture B. Muhammad and the birth of Islam C. The Caliphs and the spread of Islam I. The main point of the Germanic migration that first wave truly was a migration. They asked permission to enter the Roman Empire. As the Visigoths revolt a domino effect happens. In the later 4 th century we have a land in turmoil. 410 - Rome the city is pillaged. Emperor wasn’t even there. Sacked for 3 days. Huge deal. Psychologically, historically. Done by Visigoths (who are in Italy). Not even Hannibal sacked Rome. In sourcebook there is a source on 151. Letter from Geroam a Christian monk that lives in bethlaham and Jerusalem. Most of the Germans coming in are Christians. Immediate effect is devastating. Thousands of people are fleeing to the east. Notice the eastern part of the empire for the most part is untouched by the invasions but the western half is falling apart. The emperor just orders 10 days of mourning and lamenation because he wants to protect the east. This is the origins of the medieval culture. The one thing that these two different cultures have in common is Christianity. Now the marker of being a barbarian is whether or not you are Christian or not. We begin to see persecutions of Jewish populations and Paegans
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